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“YOU REALLY GOT A HOLD ON ME”

(William Robinson)

One of many amazing attributes that The Beatles possessed was their ability to interpret a song that they had a passion for with exuberance and flair in order to create a distinctively unique cover version.  Their second British album “With The Beatles” contains six such examples.  Arguably, this album encompasses the groups’ peak at these interpretations.  You can tell from listening to these tracks, even decades later, that they thoroughly enjoyed recording them, possibly even more than the original songs they recorded for this album.

Of all the cover songs The Beatles recorded for this album, “You Really Got A Hold On Me” held a special place in their hearts.  It was recently recorded by its’ writer William “Smokey” Robinson and his group The Miracles and first hit the charts only earlier that year, debuting on the Billboard singles chart on January 12, 1963.  Yet just over six months later, The Beatles chose to translate the song themselves.  In fact, this was the first song they chose to record for the album.

The Beatles had a special attachment to the music of The Miracles.  Many influences can be sited that have contributed to the sound and style of The Beatles music, but Smokey Robinson and The Miracles were definitely on the top of that list during the latter half of 1963.  Many of the Lennon/McCartney songs appearing during this period were said, by the authors themselves, to have been inspired by Smokey, including “This Boy,” “All I’ve Got To Do” and “Not A Second Time.”  So engrossed as they were to capturing the feel of The Miracles music, they decided to cover one of their songs themselves.

In retrospect, an event occurring in 1980 during the recording of Lennon’s “Double Fantasy” album sheds some light on the impact of The Miracles music on the career of The Beatles.  While recording the vocal track for the hit song “Woman,” Yoko commented that John sounded like a Beatle.  Lennon corrected her by saying, “Actually I’m supposed to be Smokey Robinson at the moment, my dear, because The Beatles were always supposing that they were Smokey Robinson.”

The admiration The Beatles held for Smokey could also be seen as recent as the 2009 Grammy Awards.  When Smokey appeared on stage to honor fellow Motown artists The Four Tops, Paul McCartney, who was in the audience, jumped to his feet and admiringly gave him a thunderous standing ovation, as if to honor the man who was one of the greatest influences of his career.

Smokey Robinson and The Miracles

Songwriting History

William “Smokey” Robinson was born on February 19, 1940 in Detroit, Michigan.  An uncle gave him the nickname “Smokey Joe” (later shortened to “Smokey”) at a young age because of his love for cowboy movies.  In 1955, Smokey formed a vocal group called “The Five Chimes” and then, with some personnel changes, it became “The Matadors.”  Among the new members of this group was Claudette Rogers who later became Smokey’s wife.

As the lead singer of “The Matadors,” Smokey began touring local hot spots in Detroit and, in 1958 under their new name “The Miracles,” released records on End Records and Chess Records through his connection with his newly found friend Berry Gordy.  When Smokey suggested to Berry the idea of forming his own record label, “The Miracles” were among the first acts signed to his Tamla label (which soon evolved into Motown Records.

Smokey’s close friendship with Berry led to his being appointed vice-president of Motown Records in 1961, as well as working as a successful artist, producer and songwriter for the label.  The Miracles single “Shop Around” became the first number one single on the Billboard R&B charts for Motown (#2 on the pop charts).  Their career with Smokey as lead singer/songwriter on Motown’s “Tamla” label spanned twelve years and 27 top 40 hits on the Billboard pop charts, six of which reached the top ten, including “Mickey’s Monkey” (#8), “I Second That Emotion” (#4) and “Baby, Baby Don’t Cry” (#8).  Their 1970 release “The Tears Of A Clown” was the only number one of Smokey’s career, solo or otherwise.

The Miracles fourth top 40 pop hit was also their second top ten (peaking at #8), the self-penned classic “You’ve Really Got A Hold On Me.”  The single was released in Britain on the Oriole label but failed to make the charts, although it did get the attention of John Lennon who loved it enough to scarf it up for the Beatles to work up a powerful rendition.

The song has also been covered by many other artists, including Eddie Money and Greg Allman and Cher, and is also a 1998 Grammy Hall Of Fame inductee.  The song has also been included in many motion pictures, such as “Nothing But A Man” (1964), “More American Graffiti” (1979), “Mermaids” (1990) and “Striptease” (1996).  Smokey himself also did a rendition of the song on Sesame Street, highlighting how the letter “U” had such a hold on him.

Smokey’s career as songwriter at Motown included a vast array of hits for other artists, including both “My Guy” by Mary Wells and “My Girl” by The Temptations.  Other noteworthy examples are “The Way You Do The Things You Do” and “Get Ready” by The Temptations, “Ain’t That Peculiar” and “I’ll Be Doggone” by Marvin Gaye and “Don’t Mess With Bill” by The Marvelettes.  His immense contributions to the Motown label has earned him the title “The King Of Motown.”

Smokey left The Miracles in 1972 to pursue a solo career, his final concert appearance with the group being July 16, 1972.  While continuing his duties as vice-president of Motown, he scored three top 40 hits in 1975 before returning to the Billboard top 5 with “Cruisin’” (#4 in 1979) and the million selling “Being With You” (#2 in 1981).  After a well documented cocaine addiction and divorce with Claudette, his career slowed, only to re-emerge in 1987 with two additional top 10 hits, the Grammy Award winning “Just To See Her” (#8) and “One Heartbeat” (#10).

As Smokey continues to record and perform periodically, one cannot underestimate the influence he has had on the music industry.  Among many of his honors, he has received a star on the “Hollywood Walk Of Fame.”  Bob Dylan has referred to him as “America’s greatest living poet.”  The 80’s pop group ABC scored a #5 hit with a tribute song “When Smokey Sings,” which charted in the top ten with Smokey’s “One Heartbeat” single in 1987.

His influence on The Beatles has also been noteworthy.  The Miracles’ song “I’ve Been Good To You” has been revealed by John Lennon to be one of his all-time favorite songs, which lyrically influenced his 1968 song “Sexy Sadie.”  Lennon also reportedly used lyrical ideas from Smokey’s song “You Can Depend On Me” in writing his 1963 ballad “All I’ve Got To Do.”  Even "I Am The Walrus" contains the "I'm crying" lyric taken from Smokey's "Ooh Baby Baby."  George Harrison recorded the tribute song “Pure Smokey” on his 1976 album “Thirty-Three And 1/3.”  All in all, the delicately fragile vocal style of the “King Of Motown” has had and still has a tremendous impact on the music industry.

The Beatles in EMI studio two, 1963

Recording History

Just seventeen days after recording what was to be their next single “She Loves You,” manager Brian Epstein had them back in EMI studio two recording their next album.  Having probably been in the mood for performing cover versions (they just recorded thirty-six of them for broadcast on BBC radio between the dates of July 2nd and 16th), The Beatles began proceedings for their second album on July 18th, 1963, by recording this recent favorite of John Lennon.

This evening session ran from 7 to 10:45 pm, which began with “You Really Got A Hold On Me” (inadvertently changing the title from the original “You’ve”).   Seven live performances of the song were recorded first, which featured all four Beatles playing their usual instruments and singing without overdubs, accompanied by producer George Martin on piano.  Only four of these performances were complete (three of them being false starts), take seven being the keeper.

They immediately recorded four edit pieces for the song, concentrating on the word “baby” found in the final verse, and on the ending riffs of the song.  Take 10 finalized the ending riff of the song, while take 11 perfected the “baby.”  This completed the recording of the finished version of the song as we know it.  The song was completed by approximately 8:00 pm, estimating an hour to fully record this amazing rendition of an amazing song.  The remainder of the day entailed recording the bulk of “Money (That’s What I Want)”, the entire recording of “Devil In Her Heart”, and an early attempt at “Till There Was You.”

August 21st was the date chosen by George Martin to edit takes 7, 10 and 11 to make the final master, as well as create the mono mixes for this song as well as the completed songs recorded thus far for the album.  This ‘control room only’ session was attended only by Martin and engineers Norman Smith and Geoff Emerick.  The stereo mix of the song, along with the rest of the album, was hurriedly done on October 29th, 1963, by Martin, Smith and Emerick as well as the mysterious engineer with the initials B.T.

This is not to say that The Beatles were done with the song at this point.  Being that they were finally granted the use of four-track recording equipment on October 17th of that year, John Lennon insisted that they take another stab at the song on this date.  Geoff Emerick explains, “Perhaps, in his naivete, (John) thought that simply recording it on four-track instead of two-track would somehow make it sound better, but after one whack at it, the idea was abandoned.”  George Martin at that point insisted that they move on, explaining that the recording they made on July 18th was adequate.  Lennon then exclaimed, “All right, George, we give up,” and then introduced them to their next single, “I Want To Hold Your Hand,” which was recorded next.

The Beatles did record the song again in the studio, but this time it was in their newly formed Apple Studios on January 26th, 1969, during sessions for the “Get Back” project (released as “Let It Be”).  The recent purchase of Smokey Robinson records by George Harrison inspired The Beatles (with Billy Preston) to go through two takes of “You Really Got A Hold On Me” as well as the more recent Miracles hit “Tracks Of My Tears.”  The first attempt was thought interesting enough to be preserved on film and released in the “Let It Be” movie.  Although producer Glyn Johns deemed it worthy enough to perform a mix of the song in March of 1969 for intended release, this never saw the light of day.

Song Structure and Style

The structure of “You Really Got A Hold On Me” is quite complex and left to different interpretations.  This thumping ballad in 6/8 time appears to follow into the same basic pattern as a long-standing song in their repertoire, “A Taste Of Honey,” which would comprise a verse/verse/refrain formula, but with added characteristics.

After this initial pattern, a bridge appears (which include the repeated words “tighter”), before delving back into another verse and refrain.  Then we go into a unique conclusion which sounds similar to the last eight bars of the verse but then ends with an instrumental coda to finish off the song.  This conclusion dispenses of the fade-out ending of the original in favor of a vehicle suitable for concert performances.  After all is said and done, we see a 'verse/ verse/ refrain/ bridge/ verse/ refrain/ conclusion' pattern, translatable as aabcabd.

The song does start, though, with a similar eight-measure introduction as heard on the original, which creates a suitable anticipatory feeling and gets the ball rolling.  This lengthy 22-bar verse, which suitably ends with the repeat of the title of the song four times, segues into a second verse of equal length and style, differing only by a new set of lyrics.

We then go into the eight-measure refrain which is the true attention-getter of the song, although the song’s title does not appear in its’ lyrics.  Instead, we hear The Beatles voices repeat the words “hold me” four times in the final four measures while the band accentuates each time with a thunderous ‘break’ on each one-beat.  The last of these four times puts the song in suspended animation, holding in the air without the time clock going, only to resume when the introduction of the song reappears to set the song in motion again.  This unique characteristic, as copied from the original, celebrates the brilliance of the song’s writer and arranger.

We then delve into the eight-measure bridge which showcases some fancy drum-work from Ringo during the fourth and eighth measure while the words “tighter” are heard.  This creates a perfect segue back into a third verse, which is identical to the first two other than different lyrics.  At the end of this verse we hear the excited “baby” overdub the Beatles insisted on adding in to complete the recording of the song.

This takes us to the final refrain to round off the composite structure of the song, differing from the first only by the words “please” and “squeeze” heard in the first two dramatic breaks of the final four measures.  After the repeat of the ‘suspended animation’ aspect of the refrain, we conclude the song with a seeming repeat of the final eight measures of the verse, only it actually differs in the placement of the chord changes within the sentence structure of the title of the song as it’s repeated four times.  We then end the proceedings with two measures arranged specifically by The Beatles to create a performance ending to the song.  These two measures accentuate each beat of the time signature in triplet notes, which are repeated four times before ending with a breath-taking final chord and cymbal crash.  Top-notch!

Performance wise, this is a prime example of the synergy The Beatles create as all four of them perform at the top of their game, one member not shining above the others.  John and George create the perfect vocal harmonic force that drives the song throughout.  George, as it has been said about his early Beatle years, may have struggled with a limited vocal range, but sheer enthusiasm and devotion to The Miracles’ original version wins the day.  Johns’ portrayal of reluctant infatuation created through strength and intensely raw sincerity makes up for the subtle nuance of Smokey Robinsons’ brilliant original performance. Vocal strength alone wins out on this song.

But the musical performance brings it all home.  The combination of George Harrison’s lead guitar work and George Martin’s piano vamping create a perfect blend, especially noteworthy during the repeated introductory riff heard periodically in the song.  Lennon’s rhythm guitar work in painstakingly accurate as is Ringo’s excellent reading of the original.  Uniquely, McCartney doesn’t pine for the spotlight in this song; instead he lays back, adds periodic harmony vocals and plays rudimentary but accurate bass lines which appear low in the mix.

Lyrically, the song is distinctive for it’s’ time in portraying the singer’s dependence on a relationship that is obviously not in his best interest.  He may be ‘done wrong’ and ‘treated badly,’ but he can’t help but ‘love her madly’ just the same.  The final verse even threatens to leave the relationship, saying he wants to “split,” but still acquiesces to his dependence on her.  An interesting play on words is heard in the song, not unlike what Lennon and McCartney were prone to put in their own songs, centering on the word “hold.”  The power that the female character has on the singer is depicted throughout as the “hold” it has on him, while the refrain explains that all he wants her to do physically is to “hold” him.  No doubt, examples like this spurred the Lennon/McCartney songwriting partnership to pursue similar ideas, as we can see throughout the Beatle years.

American Releases

The primary American release of “You Really Got A Hold On Me” came in the form of “The Beatles’ Second Album” on Capitol Records, released on April 10th, 1964.  Its’ position on this album of the third track on side one, in comparison to its’ British counterpart of third track on side two of the “With The Beatles” album, put deserved prominence on an outstanding song.  On January 21st, 2014, "The Beatles' Second Album" was released as an individual compact disc for the first time, the mono and stereo mixes being contained on a single CD.

February 26th, 1987 was the next US release of the song on the CD "With The Beatles" in mono.  The stereo version was finally re-mastered and released on September 9th, 2009.

The 90’s saw two more official versions of the song released.  Live At The BBC” appeared on December 6th, 1994, the first album released on the Apple label in nearly two decades.  The version appearing on this double disc was the third time the song was recorded for the BBC, which was on July 30th, 1963 for the radio show “Saturday Club.”  The song aired on British radio on August 24th.  A re-mastered and re-packaged version of this album was released on November 11th, 2013.

November 21st, 1995 saw the release of “Anthology 1”, which contained a live version of the song as performed on October 24th, 1963 before a studio audience at Karlaplansstudion in Stockholm, Sweden, which was aired on Sveriges Radio on November 11th.

Not to be forgotten is the November 15th, 2004 released box set “The Capitol Albums, Vol. 1,” which features the stereo and mono version of the song as originally heard on "The Beatles' Second Album."

The box set “The Beatles In Mono” was released on September 9th, 2009.  This all-inclusive set contained the entire “With The Beatles” album including an excellent re-mastered mono version of “You Really Got A Hold On Me.”

 

The Beatles at Grosvenor Rooms, Norwich, Norfolk on May 17th, 1963

Live Performances

The first verified performance of “You Really Got A Hold On Me” by The Beatles was on May 15th, 1963, at the Royalty Theatre, Chester, Cheshire.  The Miracles’ version was released in Britain only six months prior but did not chart, so The Beatles did their part in introducing a great new song to British audiences.  The Beatles, particularly John Lennon, loved this unknown song so much that the group continued to perform it among their established hits, such as “Please Please Me” and “From Me To You,” months before they recorded it themselves.

The Beatles continued to perform the song periodically throughout 1963, such as in Sweden on October 24th, and during their “Autumn Tour,” which began on November 1st in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire and continued on till December 13th in Southampton.  Even though this was only three weeks after the Beatles’ version of the song was released in Britain, this was the last time the song appeared in the groups’ set list.  Therefore, American audiences never got to hear the song performed live.

The Beatles performed the song four times for BBC radio, all recorded before the song was released by the group.  The first was on May 24th, 1963, for the first edition of “Pop Goes The Beatles,” which aired on June 4th.  The second was recorded on July 16th for another edition of “Pop Goes The Beatles, airing on August 13th.  The third version, which appeared on the “Live At The BBC” album, was recorded for the “Saturday Club” show on July 30th and aired on August 24th.  The final version was recorded on September 9th, also for “Pop Goes The Beatles”, which was broadcast on September 17th.

The only time The Beatles ever returned to the song was the couple of rehearsal takes in Apple studios on January 26th, 1969 during the recording of the “Get Back/Let It Be” project.

Conclusion

Many sources rightfully claim the Beatles version of “You Really Got A Hold On Me” as one of the best cover songs of their career.  Many descriptive words have been used by these sources to solidify this claim.  It can best be summed up by the words of Paul McCartney:  “A lot of our tracks may not have been ‘cool’…but that was a great aspect of us.  John would do…’You Really Got A Hold On Me’- you could call that ‘cool’.”

Simply put, the song is just plain “cool.”

Song Summary

"You Really Got A Hold On Me

Written by:  William Robinson

  • Song Written: October, 1962 (approx.)
  • Song Recorded: July 18, 1963
  • First US Release Date: April 10, 1964
  • US Single Release: n/a
  • First US Album Release: Capitol #ST 2080The Beatles’ Second Album
  • Highest Chart Position: n/a
  • British Album Release: Parlophone # PCS 3045 “With The Beatles”
  • Length: 2:36
  • Key: A major
  • Producer: George Martin
  • Engineers: Norman Smith, Richard Langham

Instrumentation:

  • John Lennon - Lead Vocals, Rhythm Guitar (1958 Rickenbacker 325)
  • George Harrison – Harmony Vocals, Lead Guitar (1962 Gretsch 6122 Country Gentleman)
  • Paul McCartney - Harmony Vocals, Bass Guitar (1961 Hofner 500/1)
  • Ringo Starr – Drums (1963 Ludwig Downbeat Oyster Black Pearl)
  • George Martin - Piano (Baldwin Satin Ebody Grand) 

Written and compiled by Dave Rybaczewski

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