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“PLEASE PLEASE ME”

(Paul McCartney – John Lennon)

By the end of 1962, The Beatles were feeling rather frustrated and disillusioned.  They had worked extremely hard in the previous three years to achieve national stardom, but were not able to penetrate any further than Liverpool and Hamburg.  They began to feel “stale and cramped,” as Lennon had stated, and just wanted to “get out of Liverpool and break new ground.”  Their appearances at the Cavern club in Liverpool had become ‘old hat’ to them; they had a tremendous following there, but it hadn’t grown outside of their home town.  They were given brief appearances in other towns, such as Peterborough opening up for Frank Ifield, but they always bombed when they were away from home. 

Lennon also felt that they had “outlived the Hamburg stage,” which they reluctantly went back to in November and December of 1962, only because of contractual obligation.  They were even able to secure a professional recording contract with Parlophone records, but their first single, “Love Me Do,” reached number 17 on the national charts only because of local sales as well as their manager Brian Epstein personally purchasing 10,000 copies for his NEMS record store.  So, it seemed, The Beatles were not to go any further than Liverpool.  

This is when a series of fortunate events, as well as a brilliantly written song, changed their fate as well as history itself.  Little did they know that the song that they recorded on November 26th, 1962, which was intended for their second single, would be the one that would begin the chain of events to take them beyond their home town and, eventually, to the whole world.  The song they recorded that day was “Please Please Me,” which finally opened the doors that they had been knocking on for over three years.

The first fortunate occurrence happened when Brian Epstein, as encouraged by George Martin, approached music publisher Dick James in order to secure a deal for publishing the new Beatles compositions.  Brian was unpleased by the lack of effort “Beechwood Music” had put forth to promote “Love Me Do.”  In order to get the publishing deal for The Beatles, Dick James played “Please Please Me” over the phone to Philip Jones, the producer of the national TV show “Thank Your Lucky Stars.”  Since Philip Jones agreed to book The Beatles on one of his shows, it clinched the deal for Dick James to be The Beatles new music publisher.  

The new single was released in Britain on January 11th, 1963.  Since Britain was seeing one of the worst winters in their history, most people were snowed-in at home on January 12th to watch The Beatles perform “Please Please Me” on “Thank Your Lucky Stars.”  The national exposure of this exciting song, as well as the unusual appearance and hair style of the group, garnered the band a lot of attention and propelled the record up the national charts.  And, because of the beginnings of success of the record, they were booked by promoter Arthur Howes on consecutive national tours.  All of this gave The Beatles much press coverage and, combining all of these ingredients, propelled their second single to number one on most of the British charts.  And, as they say, the rest is history!

John Lennon's childhood home at 251 Menlove Avenue

Songwriting History

It has been agreed by both Lennon and McCartney that “Please Please Me” was entirely written by John.  As recounted in his 1980 Playboy magazine interview, Lennon states:  “That’s me completely…I remember the day I wrote it.  I remember the pink eiderdown over the bed sitting in one of the bedrooms in my house on Menlove Avenue, my auntie’s place."  The actual date of the writing can be pinpointed to June 7th and 8th, 1962, just after The Beatles returned from London for their first recording session at EMI Studios.  Producer George Martin didn't think the three original compositions they recorded that day (June 6th) were good enough to be used as their first single so, spurred on to impress him, John immediately set out to write a song that was commercial enough; the perfect pop song!

John continues:  “It was my attempt at writing a Roy Orbison song, would you believe it?...I heard Roy Orbison doing ‘Only The Lonely’ on the radio.”  He set out to write a ballad in the dramatic drawn-out style of Orbison while incorporating the double use of the word “please.”  This is the rendition of the song that was brought to EMI studios on September 4th, 1962 for consideration for their first single.  The song was to change shape, due to the suggestions of George Martin a week later.

John then adds:  “Also, I was always intrigued by the words to a Bing Crosby song that went: ‘Please lend a little ear to my pleas…’  I was intrigued by the double use of the word ‘please.’  So it was a combination of Roy Orbison and Bing Crosby.”  The song John refers to was a 1932 hit simply entitled “Please,” which spent six weeks at the top of the American charts that year

The following day after the song was written by John, June 9th, 1962, the group played a "Beatles Welcome Home Show" at the Cavern Club in Liverpool.  After the performance, John and Paul, accompanied by young female fans Lindy Ness and Lou Stern, were driven over to Paul's home on Forthlin Road in Liverpool.  "We spent the night there," Lindy innocently wrote in her diary.  This evening is noteworthy because, as detailed in Mark Lewisohn's book "Tune In," the song "Please Please Me" was still taking shape.

Lewisohn writes:  "Late night on June 9, Lindy and Lou watched them refine ("Please Please Me"), seated side by side at Jim Mac's upright piano in Paul's front parlor. Lindy (Ness) recalls them 'mostly working on the chord changes, with a lot of joking and messing about.'  The two 15-year-old girls stayed through the night and, later, dozed under the piano while Lennon-McCartney explored chords above their heads.  'They asked us what we thought of it,' Lou remembers, 'and we said it was great.  It was certainly great to see them writing, and that they didn't mind us being there - but they were always dead casual about things like that.'"

This is not to say that Paul should be viewed as a collaborator on the song.  John made this point clear in a postcard he sent to Melody Maker magazine in 1971, saying:  "I wrote 'Please Please Me' alone.  It was recorded in the exact sequence in which I wrote it."  As mentioned above, Paul never claimed authorship of the song, referring to it always as "John's."   
 

The Beatles in EMI studio two on September 4th, 1962

Recording History

Session One:  On September 4th, 1962, The Beatles gathered in EMI Studio Two for their second EMI recording session, trying to nail down what would be the songs on their first single for the Parlophone label.  Before the sessions began, producer George Martin and his assistant producer Ron Richards observed The Beatles going through a vigorous rehearsal session to determine which songs would be featured on their first record.  George Martin had already determined the "How Do You Do It," as Mitch Murray song he had hand picked for The Beatles to record, would be the A-side of their first single.  The objective now was to pick which of their original songs would become the B-side.  The Beatles rehearsed six songs in these three hours, 2:30 to 5:30 pm, which included the newly written “Please Please Me.”

As this was the slow and bluesy Roy Orbison version of the song, George Martin brought forth some suggestions. "They played me 'Please Please Me' but it was very slow and rather dreary," George Martin relates in Mark Lewisohn's book "Tune In," adding, "I told them if they doubled the speed it might be interesting.  I told them what beginning and what ending to put on it."  Paul remembers:  "We were a bit embarrassed that he had found a better tempo than we had."  In any event, these suggestions were to be worked out and implemented by the group another time, thereby disqualifying "Please Please Me" for the B-side at this point.  Of course, since this was a rehearsal session only, no tapes were rolling so there is no audio evidence of this bluesy version of the song as John originally envisioned it.

However, engineers Norman Smith and Geoff Emerick were present on this day to witness this early version of "Please Please Me" being rehearsed.  In his book "Here, There And Everywhere," Geoff Emerick explains:  "The song being rehearsed was soulful and was sung with great feeling by John, but it had a very slow tempo and was marred by a clumsy phrase that George Harrison played over and over again, repetitive to the point of annoyance.  Ringo was doing something odd too - he was sitting behind his kit with a maraca in one hand and a tambourine in the other, all while hitting the bass drum pedal with his right foot, a ridiculous posture that caused Norman (Smith) to burst into laughter and shout out to us, 'Look at what that bloody drummer is up to now!"  George Martin of course witnessed this display as well, which could easily have cemented his earlier idea of using a studio drummer for The Beatles.

As it turned out, "Love Me Do" was chosen by George Martin as the B-Side for the new single at this point, them proceeding to record it later that day.  The other rehearsed songs, including "Please Please Me," were pushed back for possibly another time.  

Session Two:  One week later, on September 11th, 1962, The Beatles reconvened at EMI Studio Two at 4:45 pm to continue the sessions for their first single.  Because of disputes with publishing companies, the song "How Do You Do It" was no longer going to be a part of the first Beatles single.  George Martin reluctantly agreed that "Love Me Do" would be the A-side of the record, the objective of this session being to record songs for consideration for the B-side.  Ron Richards was in the producers chair, but George Martin decided to go ahead and hire a session musician to act as drummer on this day, his choice being Andy White.  The first song recorded was "P.S. I Love You," this being recorded relatively quickly, there being a good portion of studio time still available.  

Geoff Emerick remembers:  “There was still another hour of time available to The Beatles.  'Have you boys got anything else you’d like to play for me?' (Ron) Richards asked over the intercom.  'Yes!' came the enthusiastic reply...Just then, George Martin walked in…and got on the talkback to say hello to the band…He announced that he was going to have a quick listen to what they’d done, and would then be right down to start work on the new song.  Norman (Smith) lifted a few faders and we were able to hear what was going on downstairs."  The Beatles had taken time in the past week to incorporate the changes that George Martin suggested for "Please Please Me," including increasing the tempo.  However, Ron Richards made another suggestion on this day.  "George was playing the opening phrase over and over and over throughout the song.  I said, 'For Christ's sake, George, just play it in the gaps!'"

Geoff Emerick continues:  “After the first run-through, there was a great deal of discussion, and it was clear that George Martin was dissatisfied.  ‘Look, you’ve definitely got something there, boys...we need to sort out...some harmony parts for Paul.’  They nodded enthusiastically and began experimenting along the lines that George had suggested." Lennon remembers that they “were getting tired,” but at least one of these ‘tired’ experimentations were caught on tape.  This version of "Please Please Me" was included on the 1994 compilation album "Anthology 1."

"We almost abandoned it as the B-side of 'Love Me Do," John recalls.  "Imagine that, a number that could get us to the top just tucked away...We'd been going over it a few times and when we came to the question of the flip side of 'Love Me Do,' we intended using 'Please Please Me,' but our recording manager George Martin thought our arrangement was fussy, so we tried to make it simpler.  We were getting very tired and we just couldn't seem to get it right." An acetate disc of the recording done on this day is evidence that it was indeed in consideration for the B-side of "Love Me Do."

Interestingly, Geoff Emerick writes that drummer Andy White “was dismissed for the day” just before they started work on “Please Please Me.”  However, listening to the evidence on the “Anthology 1” album, it appears that the drumming style is quite unlike that of Ringo.  This newly found recording shows the drummer playing perfect drum fills in the bridge of the song, whereas Ringo’s usual staggered left-handed fills are prominently featured in the released version recorded in November.  Mark Lewisohn's book "Tune In" verifies that Andy White was indeed the drummer on this version of the song.  This then could be used as a pattern for Ringo to mimic during their next recording session.  Ringo, of course, was present this day, so he could easily remember these intricate changes himself.

After this first version of "Please Please Me" was recorded, they utilized the remaining time of the recording session to record another version of "Love Me Do" with Andy White on drums and Ringo on tambourine.  With this accomplished, the session ended at 6:30 pm.  “We were standing in the corridor outside the control room after the session," Ron Richards remembers.  "George (Martin) was saying, ‘We haven’t quite got ‘Please Please Me’ right, but it’s too good a song to just throw away.  We’ll leave it for another time…”  Listening to the “Anthology 1” version, you can see how close they really were to the finished version.  The few missing ingredients could easily have been added in overdubs, which was a luxury that they did utilize anyway the next week.  However, the decision was eventually made that the first version of "Love Me Do" (with Ringo on drums) would be the A-side and "P.S. I Love You" would be the B-side of their first single.

In the meantime, The Beatles took to heart the suggestions made to rework "Please Please Me" once again for a future recording session.  Lennon states: "In the following weeks, we went over and over it again and again."

Session Three:  The next time The Beatles were in EMI Studio Two was two-and-a-half months later, on November 26th, 1962, to record their second single.  And this time, no session drummer was in sight.  George Martin acquiesced to Ringo’s rightful place behind the drum kit.

Ten days earlier, however, on November 16th, 1962, George Martin called a meeting with the group for a proposed plan of action. During this meeting, George Martin suggested resurrecting The Beatles' recording of "How Do You Do It" for the A-side of their second single, feeling strongly that it had hit potential.  The group strongly objected as he figured they would, thereby deciding that their choice of "Please Please Me" would do the trick.  George Martin's instincts were correct, Gerry And The Pacemakers cutting the song shortly thereafter and making it an international hit.  It was decided, though, that the original session for “Please Please Me,” recorded on September 11th, was unsuitable for The Beatles' second record, so the November 26th session was arranged to remake the song, as well as to record the B-side.  One 3-hour session was all that was thought to be needed, unlike the two 3-hour sessions that were necessary for their first single.

The band arrived in the studio at 6 pm for an hour long rehearsal with fan Roberta (Bobby) Brown present for moral support.  In fact, during this rehearsal, Lennon suggested she play piano during the quick ascending chords in each of the three verses of "Please Please Me."  In Mark Lewisohn's book "Tune In," she relates:  "John was showing me these chords on the piano, saying, 'So Bobby, you can play this...' and I just said to him, 'You're mad. There's no way I can do this.'  He said, 'But you can play piano,' and I said, 'Yes, but I have to have a piece of music in front of me.'  It went on like this for some time, and in the end I just said 'I can't do it.'"  Not being a member of the Musicians' Union would have prevented her performance, not to mention that George Martin probably would have put the kibosh to it anyway.

This rehearsal led straight into the proper three hour recording session that ran from 7 to 10 pm.  The Beatles launched right into the newly arranged “Please Please Me” at 7.  It was suggested by Martin that Lennon play the harmonica for the main riff of the song rather than it being played on guitar by George Harrison.  But, unlike the situation with “Love Me Do,” it was decided to record the song live with John playing guitar and overdub the harmonica afterwards.  The result was a combination of Harrison on guitar and Lennon on harmonica both doing that distinctive riff.

The total number of takes, including the harmonica overdubs, amounted to eighteen.  At around 9 pm, after two hours of recording, George Martin made his famous exclamation from the recording booth, “You’ve just made your first number one.”  This confidence on Martin’s part continued from this point on, never again suggesting The Beatles to record other people’s material for their singles.  And this was maintained throughout their career.  (Although there were eight US singles released that featured cover tunes as the A-side, these were decisions made by American record labels and were not the official British releases.)

Mixing:  Unlike the sessions for the first single, no mixes were made on this day.  The rest of the three hour session consisted of recording two contenders for the B-side of the single, which were “Ask Me Why” and the ill-fated “Tip Of My Tongue,” which never was released and is said to be lost.  The Beatles gave the latter inferior song (George Martin’s opinion) to another artist in the Brian Epstein stable, Tommy Quickly, who released it as his first single in August of 1963, although it didn’t become a hit.

The mono mix of “Please Please Me” was done four days later, on November 30th, 1962, in the control room of EMI Studio Two by George Martin, Norman Smith and an unnamed 2nd engineer.  It is not known which take was used for this mix, but it was deemed suitable for the British single release (on January 11th, 1963) as well as the mono version of the British album release (on March 22nd, 1963).

Curiously, when the “Please Please Me” album was being mixed for stereo on February 25th, 1963 in the control room of EMI Studio One, Martin and his engineering staff (Smith and A.B. Lincoln) decided first to construct a new version of the song by editing takes 16, 17 and 18.  From this, they then made a stereo mix of the song which became the master for the stereo album in Britain as well as the US.

There are some subtle but noticeable differences, such as Lennon flubbing a line in the last verse.  Instead of saying “I know you never even try, girl,” he starts out with the lyrics of the second verse by accident, which says “Why do I always…”  Lennon catches himself mid-way through the line and joins McCartney who was harmonizing the correct line.  This results in Lennon singing the next phrase “Come on” with a slight laugh, knowing that he made the mistake.

Another noted difference in the stereo mix concerns the harmonica parts in the various parts of the song.  The takes that George Martin used to form the stereo mix did not have the harmonica, since that was overdubbed afterward.  In order to edit in those harmonica pieces into the stereo mix, they had to actually sync-up the finished mono mix with the stereo mix in those areas of the song.  This resulted in an odd sounding effect because of two separate takes of the song going at slightly different speeds.  Especially noticeable is the final ten seconds of the song where the vocals don't match very well.  Nonetheless, this was deemed the best the EMI team could do given that the master tape containing the harmonica overdubs no longer existed.

Session Four:  In order to be complete, mention should be made of a January 23rd, 1969 recording session at Apple Studios.  The Beatles were rehearsing / recording material for their latest project, “Get Back,” which became the album “Let It Be,” released on May 8th, 1970.  This project was rehearsed in the studio while the tapes were rolling, which caught the band joking, arguing, and engaging in impromptu jam sessions.

During an abortive attempt at the song “I’ve Got A Feeling,” the song segued into the first verse of “Help!,” and then the very beginnings of “Please Please Me.”  Although this impromptu medley may peak our curiosity, it most likely will never be officially released because of its’ rough and unprofessional quality.  Incidentally, a film crew was in place for the majority of these sessions as they were creating what became the “Let It Be” movie.  This medley was not used in the movie, but the footage has been leaked and has surfaced in various places.

Session Five:  The Beatles also touched on "Please Please Me" at the very end of rehearsals on January 25th, 1969, which was also at Apple Studios, but has never seen the light of day.  

 

The Beatles playing live at the Tower Ballroom in New Brighton on September 14th, 1962

Song Structure and Style

The study of “Please Please Me” demonstrates the proper way to write a hit pop song in the sixties.  It has all the ingredients that demand attention from its’ listeners, which include an interesting eye-catching title, an introductory riff that effortlessly sticks in your head, a fair amount of breaks which make the listener take notice of the songs’ key focal points, and a dramatic ending that leaves you with a feeling of satisfaction.  Lennon was quoted as saying regarding the songs’ arrangement that the band “aimed this one straight at the hit parade.”

The song was written in the standard style that encompasses most of the early Beatles catalog, which is the 'verse/ verse/ bridge/ verse' style (or aaba).  They opted not to include a solo of any kind or a repetition of the bridge and final verse, as they were prone to do.  Either of these ingredients would have created a prolonged and ineffective mood, as well as extended the two-and-a-half minute rule for a pop song in the early sixties.  

They start the song with a four bar introduction, which premieres the memorable riff played simultaneously by John on harmonica and George on guitar.  We know that, even though George Martin had much to do with arranging the introductions on their original songs, the Beatles wrote this riff themselves, because Harrison was playing this riff repeatedly during the song’s rehearsal on September 4th, before George Martin had heard the song.

We then enter into the first verse, which is 16 bars long.  The melody line starts with the opening riff being harmonized by John and Paul, John taking the true melody line with Paul sustaining one higher harmony note throughout the phrase.  McCartney has called this a “cadence” which, after the fact, a Liverpool music teacher told them that she taught it to her pupils, citing “Please Please Me” as its’ source.  McCartney got the idea from “Cathy’s Clown” by The Everly Brothers, which uses this cadence to good effect in its’ chorus.

The same melodic phrase is repeated (with different lyrics) before a dramatic break occurs, introducing a new guitar riff which segues into the anticipatory “Come On” question-and-answer section of the verse.  The ‘questions’ are sung solo by John, while the ‘answers’ are harmonized by Paul and George.  This climaxes into the title of the song near the end of the verse, which acts as the true hook line of the song.  And then, again, we hear the harmonica/guitar riff to set the stage for the second verse. 

After the second verse repeats the identical musical structure, there is an unexpected break, filled with a drum fill by Ringo, which acts as a segue to the 10 bar bridge.  The drum fill played by Andy White in the fourth bar on the version recorded on September 11th, is replaced by “in my heart,” which is harmonized by Paul and George.  Instead, a drum fill is played by Ringo in the third bar.  We see a partial reprise of the verse structure at the end of the bridge, starting with the words “you, oh yeah, why do you make me blue” mimicking the melody line of “please me, oh yeah, like I please you.”  Each of these phrases could be sung interchangeably.           

The bridge does not go to any uncharted territory with its’ chord structure, as three chords heard in the verses are repeated throughout.  The interest lies in the rapid fire eighth notes used predominantly throughout the bridge, in comparison with the quarter notes used in the verses.  This suggests an urgency which creates a counterpoint to the verses’ simple-but-catchy melody line.  

The final verse is a repeat of the first verse, with the exception of the conclusion, which repeats the “please please me” hook line three times for emphasis.  Cleverly, the last line of the verse combines the word ‘please’ with the first word of the repeated last line, which becomes “like I please please me.”  This clever subtlety is sung twice until the third repeated hook line ends with an exuberant and tight five chord progression which ends the song.  This brings the final verse to a whopping total of 21 bars.

The lyrics of the song are written as if the singer is relating a personal experience between his ‘girl’ and himself.  Actually, the only indication of this is in its’ opening line, which is repeated twice in the song, “Last night I said these words to my love.”  Other than this line, the rest of the lyrics sound as if he is speaking to his ‘girl,’ addressing her throughout the song as “you.”  Therefore, it would probably be appropriate for most of the lyrics of this song to be in parenthesis, being that all of this is being related to a third party.  

Another interesting observation concerning the lyrics is the suggestion, by author Tim Riley, that “Please Please Me” is the “first real oral sex pop song.”  While, with this thought in mind, you can interpret the song to be written about this subject, it seems unlikely that this early on Lennon would have tackled this subject.  In later years, he liked to touch on matters such as this, but in slyer ways, such as in “Happiness Is A Warm Gun,”  “Don’t Let Me Down” and “Dig A Pony.”  But since the Beatles, as of this date, deny ‘oral sex’ as the subject of “Please Please Me,” we have to conclude that the song should be interpreted with a more innocent slant.  Of course, McCartney has been known to elaborate on all-things-Beatles as the years progress, so maybe this will be confirmed one day.  And, of course, we can’t put it passed Lennon to pull one over on us.

The excellent musicianship displayed on this track show the Beatles as an impressively tight unit, trained from years of experience in Hamburg as well as the Cavern.  All the intricate breaks and unforeseen changes come across effortlessly, showing the public what they were really capably of even at this early stage.  

Ringo shows himself very adept at holding his own, even while mimicking Andy White’s work from the previous recording session.  McCartney is in top form performing excellent bass work while harmonizing without losing a bit of pitch.  Lennon’s last minute adaptation to harmonica was an outstanding fit for the song, continuing the identifiable, although short-lived, trend of hit singles featuring the instrument. 

Harrison also showed himself adept at performing the guitar riffs that became one of the trademarks of the song.  He was a little shaky with this task when they attempted to record the song on September 11th, but during the 2 and a half months that transpired between sessions, he was quite well-rehearsed to be up for the task. 

A curious note is the change in the guitar riff at the end of the bridge.  On the stereo version of the song, it is noticeable that the notes he is playing on the riff is different than the harmonica which he always plays in unison with.  It is the same way on the mono version, although it’s hard to pick out of that mix.  And, when listening to the many versions of the song done either for the BBC or on the September 11th version (available on Anthology 1), he always plays it with these different notes at the end of the bridge.  You may either conclude that it was planned, or, more likely, that it was a mistake that became so engrained that it always came out that way.  One would think that if it was planned, Lennons’ harmonica part would have been played the same way at that point.  It also would not fit the established pattern of the songs’ structure to change the guitar riff in just that one spot.  Well, no one ever claimed that the Beatles were perfect, and I’d be foolish to say they were.  

American Releases

No better song could have been given the privilege of becoming their first single A-side to be released in the US.  This occurred on February 7th, 1963, released on Vee Jay records.  There was nearly a month gap since its’ release in Britain (on January 11th) due to Vee Jay’s reluctance to release it, being that they were unknowns in America.  Their delay was understandable since British acts were prone not to do well in the US up to that time.  But when the song got to number two on the charts overseas, they thought to take the chance and release it here.

Although WLS in Chicago did give the song airplay (February 8th being the date of the first time The Beatles were heard on American radio), as well as placing for a couple weeks in their local charts, the single failed to take hold nationally.  The song did not make any dent on the Billboard charts.  This was just as well, since the artist listed on the label, as well as on promotional ads, was misspelled as “The Beattles.”  The lucky 7,310 people who have obtained a copy through the years now have a highly prized collectors’ item.

The second US release of the song came on January 3rd, 1964, when the single was re-released by Vee Jay records as Beatlemania hit.  Instead of having “Ask Me Why” as its’ B-side (as it was back in February 1963), they paired it with their second failed US single “From Me To You.”  It made a huge impact on the Billboard charts this time around, peaking at number three, not being able to pass “I Want To Hold Your Hand” and “She Loves You” in the top two positions.  And Vee Jay actually spelled the Beatles name correctly this time.

The third release was on the second version of the Vee Jay album “Introducing…The Beatles.”  The first version of the album, released on January 10th, 1964, didn’t feature the song since, when it was first conceived back on July 22nd, 1963, they didn’t want to include a single that was previously a failure.  Since the mother plates where already made back in July, they rush released the album as it was.  But because of litigation with Capitol records concerning the inclusion of “Love Me Do” and “P.S. I Love You” (which were on the first version of the album), Vee Jay records deleted these two songs from the album and re-released it on January 27th, 1964, with “Ask Me Why” and “Please Please Me” in their place.  This album went on to become a million seller and peak at number two on the Billboard album chart, not being able to by-pass “Meet The Beatles” at number one.   

Vee Jay records was quick to follow this with an album entitled “Jolly What! England’s Greatest Recording Stars:  The Beatles and Frank Ifield On Stage” on February 26th, 1964.  Both sides of the first two failed Vee Jay singles from 1963, including “Please Please Me,” were the only Beatles songs on this album.  The rest of the record was taken up with Frank Ifield songs, including his US top 5 hit from 1962, “I Remember You.”  This wasn’t enough of a draw for this supposedly ‘live’ album to sell well, as only 50,000 copies were sold.  And most of these were returned shortly thereafter.  This was the fourth US release of “Please Please Me.”

In August of 1964, we see the fifth appearance of the song on a Vee Jay reissue single on their “Oldies 45” label.  This made the song available as a single for another 14 months, still featuring “From Me To You” as its’ B-side.  

Three more album attempts were made by Vee Jay records to cash in on the Beatles catalog before they were ordered to ‘cease and desist.’   The first was “The Beatles vs. The Four Seasons,” released on October 1st, 1964, which coupled the “Introducing…The Beatles” album along with “The Golden Hits of the Four Seasons” as a double album.  This compilation album only peaked at number 142 on the Billboard charts, selling only 20,000 copies.  This marks the sixth appearance of “Please Please Me.”  The seventh was a desperate act in repackaging the “Jolly What” album as “The Beatles And Frank Ifield On Stage,” which was released on October 10th, 1964 but only reached number 104 on the Billboard album charts.  The eighth appearance of the song was on a repackage of the “Introducing…The Beatles” album as “Songs, Pictures And Stories Of The Fabulous Beatles” on October 12th, 1964.  It was the actual original “Introducing” album placed in a new sleeve.  It peaked at number 63 on the US charts, selling 400,000 copies.

The ninth appearance of “Please Please Me” was on the Capitol album “The Early Beatles” which appeared on the scene on March 22nd, 1965.  This became the only album to contain the song throughout the sixties.  This album then appeared on an individual CD on January 21st, 2014, this CD containing both the mono and stereo mixes on one disc.      

The tenth release was as a single, still paired with “From Me To You,” on the Capitol “Star Line” budget label.  This was released on October 11th, 1965 and remained in print for a while in the sixties to allow “Please Please Me” to continually be available as a single.

Sometime in 1967, Capitol released Beatles music on a brand new but short-lived format called "Playtapes."  These tape cartidges did not have the capability to include entire albums, so two truncated four-song versions of "The Early Beatles" were released in this portable format, "Please Please Me" being on one of these.  These "Playtapes" are highly collectable today.  

The next release of the song takes us into the ‘70’s.  It was contained on the first official ‘Greatest Hits’ package entitled “The Beatles 1962-1966,” better known as “The Red Album”.  The album was released on April 2nd, 1973 and was certified gold by the RIAA two days before it was released (on March 31st).  The album, featuring “Please Please Me” as its’ second song, peaked at number three on the Billboard album charts, not being able to pass “The Blue Album” (“The Beatles 1967-1970”) and Led Zeppelin’s “Houses Of The Holy” from the top of the charts.  The RIAA shows sales at over 15 million units sold of this album.  Actually, the RIAA tabulates the number of actual records sold and, as this is a double album, over 7 ½ million copies were sold.  Still an amazing feat for a group which had broken up in late 1969.  Incidentally, the album is still available on CD and is still selling quite steadily.

The next release was on February 26th, 1987 with the first official Beatles compact disc "Please Please Me."  While this CD came out in mono only, the re-mastered stereo version was released on September 9th, 2009.

On June 30th, 1992, Capitol released the box set “Compact Disc EP Collection” which contained the mono mix of “Please Please Me” due to its inclusion on the original 1963 British EP “The Beatles’ Hits.”

The September 11th, 1962 version of the song that was thought to be lost (which features Andy White on drums, although not credited) was discovered and appears on the November 21st, 1995 release “Anthology 1.”  This double CD (and cassette) sold an outstanding one million units in its’ first week, debuting at number one on the Billboard charts.  The RIAA certified sales of eight million units, which translates to four million copies of the double album.      

The next release was the box set “The Capitol Albums, Vol. 2”, which was released on April 11th, 2006 (in stereo and mono). 

There is much debate and/or disappointment about “Please Please Me” not being included on the mega-million selling album “Beatles 1.”  The qualification for a song being included on this album was its’ appearance at the number one spot in either the UK or the US.  Being that the song only reached number three in America settles that issue, but its’ chart record in Britain is another story.  Since there was no one accepted pop chart in Britain back in 1963, it depends on which music newspaper chart you look at.  New Musical Express (said by some to be the main chart at the time), Disc and Melody Maker all chart the song at number one, while the Record Retailer show it only peaking at number two.  Since Record Retailer is now most widely considered as being the correct chart, it was decided that “Please Please Me” didn’t quite deserve to be included on the “Beatles 1” album.

The September 9th, 2009 released box set “The Beatles In Mono” includes a very vibrant re-mastered version of the mono mix of the song.

November 11th, 2013 was the date of release for the album "On Air - Live At The BBC Volume 2."  An unheard version of "Please Please Me" is contained on the album, this being recorded on July 16th, 1963 for broadcast on the radio program "Pop Go The Beatles."

  

The Beatles on the British TV show "Thank Your Lucky Stars," January 1963

Live Performances

As stated earlier, there is no evidence to show that “Please Please Me” was performed live before its’ being recorded in the studio.  In fact, it appears that they kept the song under wraps for some time after it was recorded, wanting to premier this song when it would make the best impact, possibly not until the song was released on January 11th, 1963, their second British single.  However, they didn't wait that long.  The Beatles first performed "Please Please Me" at the Mersey Beat Awards Night in Birkenhead on December 15th, 1962, just after they received their award for topping the Mersey Beat poll for the second year in a row.

Then, three days before the record was released, on January 8th, The Beatles appeared on a live local Scotish TV show called "Roundup" miming a performance of "Please Please Me."  Then, two days after the release of the single, The Beatles taped a mimed performance of the song for the national British Saturday night TV show “Thank Your Lucky Stars,” which was broadcast on January 19th of that year.  This opened many doors for The Beatles, helping propel the song to the top of most of the nations charts.  Then on January 16th, they mimed the song live on the Granada TV show "People And Places."  And then came another appearance on "Thank Your Lucky Stars," this mimed performance of "Please Please Me" taped on February 17th and aired on February 23rd.  Yet another mimed performance of the song was for the children's TV shot "Tuesday Rendezvous" on April 9th, this live broadcast featuring 50 seconds of "Please Please Me" during the closing credits.  Then came "The 625 Show," The Beatles performing "Please Please Me" at the close of the show, them being joined by the entire cast.  This show was taped on April 13th and broadcast on April 16th, 1963.  The national BBC TV show "Pops And Lenny" was next, this being a live broadcast on May 16th, featuring a truncated version of "Please Please Me" that only lasted 1 minute and 5 seconds.  

The Beatles began featuring the song in their live performances just after the record was released on January 11th, 1963, playing throughout the remainder of the month in Liverpool, Kent, Cheshire, Birkenhead and Flintshire, among others.  Then, starting on February 2nd, the band began a series of national tours in 1963, first with Helen Shapiro throughout February, Tommy Roe and Chris Montez in March, Roy Orbison in May, and throughout the rest of the year as the headlining act.  Each tour featured The Beatles performing their number one hit, even catapulting them to top of the bill on the Tommy Roe and Roy Orbison tours, which found them quite uncomfortable in doing so.  
      

Great exposure was given to the song on BBC radio, starting on January 16th, 1963, for the show “Here We Go,” which aired on January 25th.  Then on January 22nd, they performed it for the ever-popular “Saturday Club” show, which aired it on January 26th.  “The Talent Spot” was the next performance, which occurred on January 22nd and aired on January 29th.  A break from touring brought them to the “Parade Of The Pops” radio show, performing the song live on February 20th.  March 6th had them perform the song for the show “Here We Go,” which didn’t air until April 12th.  March 16th saw a live performance of the song on “Saturday Club.”  The “On The Scene” show was next, performing the song on March 21st and airing on March 28th.  April 1st saw the performance on the show “Side By Side,” which aired on April 22nd.  “Easy Beat” was the next show, performing it on April 3rd to be aired on April 7th.  May 21st was the date for its’ performance on “Steppin’ Out,” which aired on June 3rd.  It was next performed on July 16th for the “Pop Go The Beatles” show, which aired on August 13th.  The last BBC performance was on October 13th on the show “Easy Beat,” which aired on October 20th. 

In addition to the songs' extensive British television exposure in 1963, the following year brought "Please Please Me" into the TV spotlight as well.  America was treated to an Ed Sullivan Show performance of the song on February 23rd, which was their third appearance on the show, although this performance was taped earlier on the day of their first performance on the show on February 9th.  This coincided nicely with the song’s appearance in the top five at that time, although the song was recorded well over a year earlier by then.  In Britain, they appeared on their own television special “Around The Beatles,” which was broadcast there on May 6th and June 8th.  The show included their miming to a previously recorded medley which contained a portion of “Please Please Me.”  

The song also continued to be performed live in the beginnings of their first US tour, being heard at their first American concert at the Washington Coliseum on February 11th, as well as at Carnegie Hall on February 12th.  The song does not appear to be included in their set list for any tours or concert appearances after this date, since they had three huge selling singles released in Britain since then to focus on, as well as multiple placements on the US singles and album charts.  Their June 8th broadcast of the song in the UK on their “Around The Beatles” TV special appears to be the last time the song was heard performed by The Beatles.

Surprisingly, McCartney chose to include “Please Please Me” as one of the final encore selections on his 2005 tour.  This is especially surprising because, as previously stated, the song was written entirely by Lennon who also sang lead on the song.  Prior to this, McCartney had always chosen Beatles material to perform live that he had sung lead to in The Beatles as well as primarily written himself.  The inclusion of this song on this tour, as well as the song “I’ll Get You,” has indeed broken that pattern.   One can now only guess what Beatles material he may choose for his next tour.  The possibilities are now virtually endless.


Manager Brian Epstein and Producer George Martin

Conclusion

America can indeed be grateful for the turn of events that led to the success of “Please Please Me” in Britain since, if this hadn’t happened, things wouldn’t have snowballed into international success for The Beatles.  They would have remained a local Liverpool act and surely died a quiet death like most of the other local “beat” groups of their day.

One can speculate that since they were in Germany during the formative months that “Love Me Do” was released, they couldn’t promote the song with national tours or television exposure like they were able to do with “Please Please Me.”  One can speculate that if they hadn’t stumbled upon people with connections that got behind them, such as Brian Epstein, Dick James and George Martin, they would have remained obscure local celebrities.  One can even speculate that since Britain had the worst winter on record at the time the song was released, a huge British audience was snowed-in and had nothing better to do than see them perform the song on “Thank Your Lucky Stars” which created great exposure and newspaper reviews.

All speculation aside, it can assuredly be said that none of this would have happened without a great song.  Love Me Do,” as innovative as it may have been, wouldn’t have had this impact.  The creative songwriting ability of John Lennon came through to deliver a blockbuster song that had clever lyrics and an appealing structure which just hit home with the national audience. 

The success of the song also became a ‘feather in the cap’ for George Martin, whose arrangement suggestions proved to be just what the song needed after all.  Their respect for Martin increased greatly after this, depending on him, to a greater or lesser degree, for musical direction throughout their career.  

However you slice it, the United States, as well as the rest of the world, can be immensely grateful for what The Beatles brought forward with this song.  America would not have been impacted the way it was, nor would you be reading this today, if John Lennon hadn’t written a song entitled “Please Please Me.”

Song Summary

"Please Please Me

Written by:  Paul McCartney / John Lennon

  • Song Written: June 7 & 8, 1962
  • Song Recorded: November 26, 1962 
  • First US Release Date: February 7, 1963
  • US Single Release: Vee Jay #498
  • First US Album Release: Vee Jay #VJLP 1062 Introducing…The Beatles 
  • Highest Chart Position: #3 
  • British Album Release: Parlophone #PCS3042 “Please Please Me” 
  • Length: 2:04 
  • Key: E major
  • Producer: George Martin
  • Engineer: Norman Smith 

Instrumentation (most likely): 

  • John Lennon - Lead Vocals, Rhythm Guitar (1958 Rickenbacker 325), Harmonica (Hohner Chromatic)
  • Paul McCartney - Bass Guitar (1961 Hofner 500/1), Background Vocals
  • George Harrison –  Rhythm Guitar (1957 Gretsch Duo Jet), Background Vocals
  • Ringo Starr – Drums (1960 Premier 58/54 Mahogany)  

Written and compiled by Dave Rybaczewski

The Beatles with manager Brian Epstein

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