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"CAN'T BUY ME LOVE"
(John Lennon - Paul McCartney)
Capitol Records was very anxious to release their follow-up single to the hugely successful "I Want To Hold Your Hand." By February of 1964, they saw many other record labels, such as Vee Jay, Swan, Tollie and MGM, release singles and capitalize on the popularity of the group that they had just acquired exclusive rights to in the US. Their Canadian counterpart "Capitol Of Canada" was charting in America with releases exclusive to that label, one of which, "Roll Over Beethoven," was even being considered for the follow-up single.
When news of this hit the ears of producer George Martin, he stepped in to voice his opinion to Capitol Records. He felt that "Roll Over Beethoven" did not represent the present sound of The Beatles. He said this, of course, because he knew what was on the horizon. The Beatles had just recorded what he knew would be a dynamite worldwide smash and he wanted to premier it as soon as possible in both Britain and America. George told Capitol to wait just a few short weeks for the tapes of two new songs and that it would definitely be worth the wait. The two songs were "You Can't Do That" and the predetermined rock 'n' roll powerhouse "Can't Buy Me Love." He proved to be right.
With full-page trade advertisements in Billboard and Cash Box magazines on March 14th, 1964, Capitol let it be known that the latest full-fledged Beatles music could only be found on their record label. The single was released two days later on March 16th, which was two weeks before they originally were going to release it and four days before it was released in Britain.
With alleged advance orders in the states of 1,700,000 copies, the single actually passed the million mark in sales in the US the day after it was released. In fact, the single had an international advance order of 2,100,000 copies.
"Can't Buy Me Love" made its debut on the Billboard pop chart at #27 on March 28th, but then jumped directly to the number one spot the following week. This broke the record for the biggest leap into the top spot on the charts, being that no artist before that time had ever gone directly to number one from outside the top 20. This record remained intact for 38 years, being broken in 2002 by American Idol winner Kelly Clarkson with her debut single "A Moment Like This," which leapt from #52 to the top. She then broke the record again in 2009 with her single "My Life Would Suck Without You," which jumped from #97 to the top spot.
Another record broken with "Can't Buy Me Love" was by being the third consecutive #1 single by the same artist, following "I Want To Hold Your Hand" and "She Loves You." The dominance of The Beatles on the American pop music charts had reached such a fever pitch by the early months of 1964 that they broke a further record, this time by holding down the entire top five positions on the pop chart for the week of April 4th, 1964. The chart that week looked like this:
"Can't Buy Me Love"
The following week on the Billboard chart (April 11th), another record was broken during the stay of "Can't Buy Me Love" in the number one spot. The Beatles occupied a total of 14 positions in the Hot 100 for that week, including B-sides, Canadian imports and singles from other record labels. No artist broke this record for decades, Justin Beiber and Drake being more recent examples of artists eclipsing 14 positions on the Hot 100 as a result of streaming individual songs from their newly released albums at the time.
All in all, the term "groundbreaking" could accurately be used to describe the impact of "Can't Buy Me Love" on the American charts. It could just as accurately be used to describe the song itself, which set the bar high for an amazing career that, while still in its infancy, was growing by leaps and bounds.
John and Paul songwriting in the George V Hotel, Paris (January 1964)
"One thing we always did with records we bought, aside from checking out the title, was to check out the names in brackets underneath," Paul relates in his book "The Lyrics." "Leiber and Stoller, Goffin and King. These were magic names to us...So, John and I looked at people like them and said, 'Right, we could do that. And if we get hits, we'll get money. It may not buy us love, but it'll buy us a car.'"
From January 16th through February 4th, 1964, the Beatles performed a marathon concert series at the Olympia Theatre in Paris doing two (and sometimes three) shows a night for eighteen days. While there, they stayed at the luxurious George V Hotel to recuperate from the hectic performance schedule. "This song was written on a piano in the George V Hotel in Paris," Paul continues. "The hotel was near the Champs-Elysees, and we had suites big enough to have a piano brought up...The idea is that all these material possessions are well and good, but money can't buy you what you really need. The irony here is that just before Paris, we'd been in Florida where, if not love, money certainly could buy you a lot of what you wanted. But the premise stand, I think. Money can't buy you a happy family or friends you can trust." In the book "Many Years From Now," Paul continues: "'Can't Buy Me Love' is my attempt to write a bluesy mode. The idea behind it was that all these material possessions are all very well but they won't buy me what I really want. It was a very hooky song."
As was the case here, Paul and John used whatever 'down time' they had to concentrate on upcoming tasks at hand, which amounted to writing songs for their upcoming movie that was due to begin in March. "The song was actually written especially for the soundtrack and the film," Paul affirms in his book "The Lyrics." Also on the immediate agenda was composing the follow-up to their recently released British hit "I Want To Hold Your Hand," which was riding the top of the charts in England and had just been released in America. Also accomplished during their stay at the George V Hotel, Paul wrote the song "One And One Is Two," which was duly given away to a fellow Liverpool group The Strangers and was never recorded by The Beatles.
As to Lennon's involvement with the song, John's memory refined itself in time. "John and Paul, but mainly Paul" is what he stated regarding the song in 1972, but in 1980 he said "That's Paul completely. Maybe I had something to do with the chorus, but I don't know. I always considered it his song."
In-between the time the song was written and completed in the recording studio, The Beatles enjoyed the amazing experience of their first visit to America and taking in the celebrity 'high life' of Miami, Florida. Paul's recollection of Florida as detailed above could very well have been confused with their stay in Miami later in February of 1964 as detailed below, which was after the song was written in Paris.
"Miami was incredible...there were all the lovely, gorgeous tanned girls. We did a photo session down by the beach and immediately asked them out. And MG Motors were trying to sell their convertibles down there, which was a perfect little Florida car, and lent us one each as a publicity thing. I remember meeting this rather nice girl and taking her out for dinner in this MG in the cool Florida night, palm trees swaying. You kidding? A Liverpool boy with this tanned beauty in my MG going out to dinner. It should have been 'Can Buy Me Love,' actually."
EMI Pathe Marconi Recording Studios, Paris
"We recorded it in France, as I recall," McCartney remembers. "Went over to the Odeon in Paris. Recorded it over there." What Paul was actually referring to was the EMI Pathe Marconi Studios in Paris where they met on January 29th, 1964 for the only recording session of their career outside of London. The intention of this late-morning / afternoon session was to record German language versions of two of their previous hit songs, namely "I Want To Hold Your Hand" and "She Loves You." Having accomplished this, they had approximately an hour of studio time left, so they jumped head-long into something they were excited about, which was Paul's newly written "Can't Buy Me Love."
Only four takes of the song were needed to get a suitable version down and ready for overdubs. These fully live performances, with all four Beatles playing their usual instruments while singing, showed that they had the arrangement down quite well, although some adjustments were made along the way.
"I thought that we really needed a tag for the song's ending, and a tag for the beginning, a kind of intro," explains George Martin. "So I took the first few lines of the chorus (bridge) and changed the ending, and said, 'Let's just have these lines, and by altering the end of the second phrase we can get back into the verse pretty quickly.' And they said, 'That's not a bad idea, we'll do it that way.'"
A second adjustment was scrapping the background vocals by John and George, which comprised them singing "ooooh satisfied," "ooooh just can't buy," etc., during the verses. McCartney also sang with a somewhat bluesy vibe, which was toned down in the later takes of the song. The first two takes with the early arrangement were edited for release on the 1996 album "Anthology 1," which comprised the entire Take 2 edited with George Harrison's solo from Take 1.
After an incomplete Take 3, they make it through the song on Take 4, which is the version that was deemed best. This take did feature a guitar solo from George Harrison, but it was viewed as inferior and worthy of overdubbing at a later time. As the recording session time ran out, this master tape was taken by George Martin back to EMI for further work.
February 25th was the next chance The Beatles had for recording, since they spent most of February conquering America. They entered EMI Studio Two on this date from 10 am to 1 pm to add overdubs to the song, which would bring the song to its final stage. Paul double-tracked his vocals and, according to Helen Shapiro who was in the studio on this day, Ringo added more cymbals "over the top" of the previous recording. Then George Harrison re-recorded his guitar solo, but there was a slight problem.
Regarding the song, George Harrison explains: "We took the tapes from that back to England to do some work on them. I once read something that tries to analyze 'Can't Buy Me Love', talking about the double-track guitar - mine - and saying that it's not very good because you can hear the original one. What happened was that we recorded first in Paris and re-recorded in England. Obviously they'd tried to overdub it, but in those days they only had two tracks, so you can hear the version we put on in London, and in the background you can hear a quieter one."
These overdubs were completed by approximately 11 am, which left the final two hours of this morning session to starting and finishing what would become the B-side of their next single, "You Can't Do That."
The next day, February 26th, George Martin and engineers Norman Smith and Richard Langham used the same three-hour time slot (10 am to 1 pm) to create mono mixes for both sides of their next single. The mono mix of "Can't Buy Me Love" made on this day is the same one released worldwide in 1964.
The Beatles wasted no time at all in promoting the song, even well before its release. On February 28th, 1964, two days after the official mono mix mentioned above was made, they recorded the song in Studio One of BBC Piccadilly Studios in London between 6:30 and 9 pm for the second edition of their radio show "From Us To You," which was produced by Bryant Marriott and broadcast on March 30th between 10 am and 12 noon.
A mixing session was booked for March 10th in the control room of Studio Two, attended by George Martin and Norman Smith, to create the stereo mix of “Can’t Buy Me Love.” Mark Lewisohn’s book “The Complete Beatles Chronicle,” brings out a discovery concerning this mixing session: “An interesting document was uncovered at EMI in 1991 suggesting that a “drummer” participated in this 10 am – 1 pm session with regards to ‘Can’t Buy Me Love’ – which can only mean that he did some overdubbing. He was paid a Musician's Union session fee…but his name was not detailed on the document. This answers one question that has long puzzled some Beatles students: why the drumming on this song’s stereo mix differs slightly from the mono. But it also raises a new question regarding the drummer’s identity: Ringo’s ‘A Hard Day’s Night’ shooting schedule would seem to suggest that he had little, if any, opportunity to visit Abbey Road on this day.”
Geoff Emerick’s 2006 book “Here, There And Everywhere” sheds some new light that may very well reveal the identity of this mysterious drummer. Regarding the master tape of “Can’t Buy Me Love,” Emerick writes: “There was a technical problem to be overcome, discovered when the tape was brought back and played at our studios. Perhaps because it had been spooled incorrectly, the tape had a ripple in it, resulting in the intermittent loss of treble on Ringo’s hi-hat cymbal. There was tremendous time pressure to get the track mixed and delivered to the pressing plant, and due to touring commitments The Beatles themselves were unavailable, so George and Norman took it upon themselves to make a little artistic adjustment.”
“As I eagerly moved into the engineer’s seat for the first time,” Emerick continues, “Norman (Smith) headed down into the studio to overdub a hastily set-up hi-hat onto a few bars of the song while I recorded him, simultaneously doing a two-track to two-track dub. Thanks to Norman’s considerable skills as a drummer, the repair was made quickly and seamlessly, and I doubt if even The Beatles themselves ever realized that their performance had been surreptitiously augmented.”
Two more BBC radio recordings were then made of "Can't Buy Me Love," the first being done on March 31st, 1964 at The Playhouse Theatre in London between 7 and 10:30 pm for the popular radio show "Saturday Club," which was produced by Jimmy Grant and Bernie Andrews and broadcast on April 4th between 10 am and 12 noon. The next recording of the song was on May 1st, 1964 at BBC Paris Studio in London between 6:30 and 9:30 pm for the third edition of their show "From Us To You," which was produced by Bryant Marriott and broadcast on May 18th between 10 am and 12 noon.
The next time the song was heard in the recording studio was not for recording purposes at all. In order to audition a replacement for the ailing Ringo Starr for their upcoming world tour, Jimmy Nicol was invited to EMI Studio Two on June 3rd, 1964 to run through six songs, including "Can't Buy Me Love," to see if he could fill the drummer's shoes. Audition successful, they were off to Copenhagen the following day.
With The Beatles out of the country, George Martin, Norman Smith and 2nd engineer Ken Scott assembled in the control room of EMI Studio Three on June 9th, 1964 to create two identical tapes of the finished songs for the "A Hard Day's Night" soundtrack. All eight of these songs, including "Can't Buy Me Love," were duly dispatched to both American record labels, Capitol and United Artists, for release in the US as they saw fit.
Finally, on June 22nd, EMI staffers George Martin, Norman Smith and 2nd engineer Geoff Emerick convened in the control room of Studio One to create stereo mixes of all the songs to appear on the British "A Hard Day's Night" album. This marathon session, running from 10 am to 9 pm, spawned the stereo mix of "Can't Buy Me Love" that was heard all around the world, presumably featuring the overdubbed drumming of engineer Norman Smith.
This is not to say that there were no further recordings of the song. On August 23rd, 1964, The Beatles played a concert at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, California that was recorded on a three-track recording machine for possible release to capitalize on the Christmas market later that year. The entire concert was produced by Capitol vice-president Voyle Gilmore and George Martin with Hugh Davies engineering. Although this album never came to be, it was duly mixed on August 27th and apparently remains in the vaults somewhere.
On August 29th and 30th of 1965, however, Capitol Records once again attempted to properly record their performances during their return to the Hollywood Bowl. Although the recording made on the first date (produced by Karl Engemann and engineered by Hugh Davies) was not deemed worthy, the one made on the 30th fared much better. This recording, which was produced by Voyle Gilmore and engineer Pete Abbott, also included "Can't Buy Me Love" and was suitable enough to eventually be released on the 1977 album "The Beatles At The Hollywood Bowl," after being cleaned up by George Martin and engineer Geoff Emerick at AIR London Studios between January 18th and 23rd, 1977.
One final recording session was held in regard to "Can't Buy Me Love" on January 5th, 1966. Amid some secrecy, The Beatles came to CTS Studios in London to add some touches to their Shea Stadium concert on August 15th, 1965. Paul added a new bass track for "Can't Buy Me Love" to this live recording in preperation for the television film "The Beatles At Shea Stadium."
Sometime in 2015, Giles Martin (son of George Martin) and Sam Okell revisited the master tape in Abbey Road Studios to create a new stereo mix of "Can't Buy Me Love," the result appearing on the re-released version of the compilation album "Beatles 1" released that year.
Song Structure and Style
The Beatles songwriting now begins to shift its attention towards straight blues progressions. This is not to say that they hadn't tread on this ground before (even the early composition "One After 909" leaned this way), but their focus in 1964 appeared to veer toward many of their musical heroes' use of the 12-bar blues format. Mid '64 saw them release a British EP ("Long Tall Sally") that consisted mostly of covers that used this strict blues format, as well as "You Can't Do That," which appeared as the B-side of this single.
The structure of the song, though, is quite common for their early Beatles period, consisting of 'verse/ verse/ bridge/ verse' (or aaba) and then repeating a verse as a guitar solo before repeating the bridge and third verse again. Coupling this with an intro and conclusion from an alteration of the bridge (at George Martin's request), what we have is a nicely-rounded, brilliantly-written bouncy pop song. Paul explains the uniqueness of the song's structure in his book "The Lyrics:" "It's twelve-bar blues, with a Beatles twist on the chorus, where we bring in a couple of minor chords. Usually, minor chords are used in the verse of a song, and major chords bring a lift and lighten the mood in the chorus. We did it the other way 'round here."
The six-measure intro begins with Paul's vocals appearing three beats before the down-beat of the first measure. The home key of C is hidden throughout this section of the song just as in many other Beatles' songs before it, such as "She Loves You" and "I Want To Hold Your Hand." Only when the actual first verse begins do we know where home-base is, so to speak. Coincidentally (or maybe purposely) the actual notes of Paul's melody line in the intro outline the triad of the C home key even before the C chord is played. This accomplishes a palatable transition from the intro to the first verse.
The first verse is welcomed by Ringo's switch from tom-tom fills to hi-hat sizzles, which unmistakably distinguishes the verse from the intro. The 12-bar blues progression begins at this point, but not without a touch of Beatles thrown in. One such touch being the trademark 'Beatles break' on the tenth measure, just before the words "much for money." Appearing as early as "Love Me Do," this little trick wasn't dropped entirely for years to come.
Another similarity heard here, as heard quite universally from The Beatles up to this point, is the title of the song appearing at the end of each verse. This habit, which began even before "Love Me Do," anchors the song's title as the hook-line, indelibly imprinting this catch phrase in our minds.
After a second structurally identical verse, we delve into an eight-measure bridge, which happens to repeat the title of the song twice, leaving many to identify this part of the song as a "refrain" or "chorus." Because of the chord pattern used, and the perfect segue it creates back to another verse, once can easily conclude this part as a "bridge."
After a third structurally identical verse, we enter into the guitar solo portion of the song, which is played against the same chord structure of the verses. Before this occurs, though, we see that the preceding verse has an additional measure, or thirteenth. The only purpose of this measure appears to be as a transition to the guitar solo (and for Paul to let out an ear-piercing scream).
Following this appropriately structured guitar solo we are revisited by the bridge and third verse of the song. This third verse now has the appropriate twelve-measure length, but is followed by an eight measure conclusion, which is basically a repeat of the intro of the song. The only difference is the return to the home key of C in the final two measures, which brings the song to a resolving and satisfying conclusion.
Paul's vocal work is truly the main focal-point and selling-point of the song. This delivery may have transcended slightly from a bluesier mode in the earlier takes, but the vibrancy of the finished product creates the unbridled buoyancy needed to catapult The Beatles to the heights of Elvis Presley in the minds of teenagers. His bass work, played simultaneously with the initial track of his vocals, suitably displays the bounciness of a bluesy-swing style, with quarter note accents throughout.
George Harrison's guitar work is next to be commended, especially for it being one of his best early Beatles' guitar solos. It portrays itself as wholly ad-lib because it is not simply a re-run of the melody line of the verse, yet it was truly well-rehearsed, as evidenced by all the available concert versions we can hear today. Whereas the free-form Chuck Berry- or Carl Perkins-like solos we heard earlier from George (as in "I Saw Her Standing There" and "Boys") altered from performance to performance, "Can't Buy Me Love" began a trend of pre-writing the guitar solo for the song. In fact, Paul insisted from this point on that all guitar solos should be pre-arranged, not ad-libbed. The result, in this case, was the first truly memorable guitar solo in the Beatles catalog.
Ringo's work on the song may be perfunctory, but is quite suitable for the context. He shows himself to be quite a master of the swing style on this track, not muddying up the proceedings with extensive drum fills. In fact, when he does perform a drum fill, it's more felt than heard. His compliance with moving to the toms for the intro and conclusion of the song, probably also at the suggestion of George Martin, shows Ringo as wanting what was best for the song, not letting ego get in the way.
While Lennon took a back seat on this song, just strumming away on his Gibson acoustic guitar, he definitely added to the fragrance of the song. He felt strongly about it as well, not at all an outsider. He stated in interview in 1964 that "Can't Buy Me Love" was among his favorite tracks on the movie soundtrack.
The song's lyrics are quite self-explanatory and universal, combining two elements everyone can relate to: money and love. In this case, love wins out, which is quite the opposite from the lyrics in "Money (That's What I Want)" from the previous year.
Paul insinuates that material things are more important to the weaker sex when it comes to expressing devotion. Although he doesn't "care too much for money," he's willing to capitulate for the sake of pleasing his "friend." What he would really want, though, is for his girl not to "need no diamond rings," but rather to "want the kind of things that money just can't buy." This may be a little easier on his wallet, but his sincerity shines through convincingly that his view of materialism is deeply rooted.
Although the odd use of the word "me" in the title is not clearly explained, one can only deduce that it was yet another example of Lennon and McCartney's including personal pronouns in their hit song titles. "It's the sort of thing that helps the listeners to identify with the lyrics," Lennon explained. "The fans like to feel that they are part of something that is being done by the performers."
But were there any deeper meaning to the lyrics? "Personally, I think you can put any interpretation you want on anything," McCartney stated, "but when someone suggests that 'Can't Buy Me Love' is about a prostitute, I draw the line. That's going too far."
Rare American "Can't Buy Me Love" picture sleeve
March 16th, 1964 saw the release of "Can't Buy Me Love" in America as the second Capitol single with "You Can't Do That" on the B-side. It raced to number one on the Billboard pop charts in its second week, replacing "She Loves You" at the top spot, which had replaced "I Want To Hold Your Hand" at the top before that. One day after "Can't Buy Me Love" was released, sales passed the million mark in the US, which encouraged Capitol to ask three outside pressing plants (RCA, Savoy and Decca) for help in printing further copies. The single spent 5 weeks at number one in America.
Interestingly, the Savoy plant pressed a few unauthorized copies of this single on yellow and black vinyl, as well as just yellow vinyl, as souvenirs. To say that these copies are extremely rare and valuable is no doubt an understatement.
The success of the single meant that the US market was well aware of the song by the time that United Artists rush-released their soundtrack album for "A Hard Day's Night" on June 26th, 1964 using only the mono masters that EMI sent them around June 10th, 1964. They used this mono mix to create their "High Fiedelty Stereo" mix for their stereo release of the album by transferring it to two seperate channels and then boosting the bass frequencies on the left channel and raising the treble frequencies on the right channel, raising the volume on the lyric "much for money" to the right channel to help create a stereo effect. This album, which featured the song as the final Beatles track on side two, rushed to number one on the Billboard album charts and stayed there for an amazing fourteen weeks, making it one of the fastest selling albums in the history of the record business as of that time. United Artists kept this album in print until the label was purchased by Capitol Records in 1978, Capitol beginning their reprints of this soundtrack album on August 1st, 1980. This album got its compact disc release on January 21st, 2014, both the mono and stereo versions of the album being contained on a single CD.
The success of this album influenced Capitol not to include the song on their "Something New" album as they had planned. Which is not to say that they didn't release it on an album in 1964. On August 10th, 1964, Capitol released an album to capitalize on the success of British acts they had in their stable entitled "The Big Hits From England & USA." The popularity of this album may have been minimal, but it stands as the only Capitol album release of the song until 1970.
Sometime in 1967, United Artists Records released a unique version of the soundtrack album for "A Hard Day's Night" on a brand new but short-lived format called "Playtapes." These tape cartridges did not have the capability to include entire albums, so a truncated eight-song version of the album was released in this portable format, "Can't Buy Me Love" being one of these songs. These "Playtapes" are highly collectable today.
On February 26th, 1970, "Can't Buy Me Love" was finally released on a Capitol distributed album. The first pressings of this album contained the name "Hey Jude" on the spine of its cover, while the label on the actual album bore the title "The Beatles Again." Future pressings replaced the album label title with "Hey Jude," since "The Beatles Again" was the title that was dropped at the last minute but not in time to escape the first pressing.
This album was put together especially for the American market and featured songs that were previously on singles but never appeared on any Capitol Beatles albums. They mistakenly concluded that "Can't Buy Me Love" never made it on a Capitol album as it had on the above detailed "The Big Hits From England & USA" album on August 10th, 1964, so it showed up here as the opening track. The "Hey Jude" album sold quite well, peaking at #2 on the Billboard album charts for four straight weeks. The stereo mix of the song that was made on June 22nd, 1964 was included on this album, which was the first time the US heard the stereo version. This album received a compact disc release on January 21st, 2014.
April 2nd, 1973, saw the first release of any legitimate Beatles "greatest hits" package in America. The first of two double albums released on this day, "The Beatles/1962-1966" (aka "The Red Album") featured the stereo mix of "Can't Buy Me Love" as the last song on side one. This album was certified gold two days before its release and peaked at #3 on the Billboard album charts. The album was first released on compact disc in 1993 and then re-released in a remastered form on October 19th, 2010, the stereo mix of the song always being used.
May 4th, 1977 was the date the Hollywood Bowl tapes were finally released by Capitol Records. "The Beatles At The Hollywood Bowl" featured the version of "Can't Buy Me Love" The Beatles performed on August 30th, 1965 at the Los Angeles venue. This album was also a tremendous success, peaking at #2 on the Billboard charts. The album was eventually remastered by Giles Martin and re-released under the title "Live At The Hollywood Bowl" on September 9th, 2016.
The 80's had its share of new releases of the song as well. "Reel Music" was a Capitol compilation album released on March 22nd, 1982 to commemorate the popular tracks on The Beatles' movies. "Can't Buy Me Love" wound up as the third track of the album, which peaked at #19 on the Billboard album charts. Over 12,000 promotional copies were also printed, these being on translucent gold vinyl.
Later that same year, on October 11th, Capitol put together a single-disc compilation album entitled "20 Greatest Hits" which spanned The Beatles' whole career. With "Can't Buy Me Love" as the fourth track of the US version, the album didn't fare quite as well, peaking only at #50 on the Billboard album charts.
The first time the original British "A Hard Day's Night" album was made available in the US was the "Original Master Recording" vinyl edition released through Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab in February of 1987. This album included "Can't Buy Me Love" and was prepared utilizing half-speed mastering technology from the original master tape on loan from EMI. This version of the album was only available for a short time and is quite collectible today.
The original British version of the "A Hard Day's Night" album was finally released in the US in the compact disc format on February 26th, 1987, a vinyl edition coming out on July 21st, 1987. This was a mono release only, but the stereo edition came out on CD on the remastered release on September 9th, 2009, a vinyl version being released on November 13th, 2012.
On June 30th, 1992, Capitol released the box set "Compact Disc EP Collection," which featured "Can't Buy Me Love" due to its inclusion on the original British EP "The Beatles' Million Sellers."
While the Capitol single remained in print for many decades, in February of 1994 a unique printing of the single occurred. The Cema series "For Jukeboxes Only" printed the single on green vinyl, which is also quite the collectors' item today.
On December 6th, 1994, "Live At The BBC" was released, which was a compilation of many Beatles tracks recorded especially for British radio in the early 60's. Although the highlight of the album was the plethora of songs never before commercially recorded by the group, "Can't Buy Me Love" was among the handful of tracks included as alternate versions. The version on this album was recorded on February 28th, 1964 for the British radio show "From Us To You," which was broadcast on March 30th of the same year. The album did quite well, peaking at #3 on the Billboard album charts. A remastered and re-packaged version of this album was released on November 11th, 2013.
The highly anticipated "Anthology 1" album finally hit the stores on November 21st, 1995, and features Take 2 from the original session in Paris on January 29th, 1964. The song contains original backing vocals by John and George as well as the ad-libbed guitar solo edited in from Take 1. This fascinating look at the making of a huge hit was a highlight of the collection, which stayed at #1 for three weeks straight on the Billboard album chart. It sold over a million units the first week.
Understandably, "Can't Buy Me Love" was also included on The Beatles' most successful album "Beatles 1," which was released on November 14th, 2000. The album debuted in the #1 spot on the Billboard album charts and, after a brief two week interruption, hit the top again for an additional six weeks. It was estimated to have sold eight million copies by the end of 2001 and over 23 million copies worldwide in its first two months. A remastered version of this album was released in September of 2011 and a newly mixed version was released on November 6th, 2015.
On September 9th, 2009, the box set "The Beatles In Mono" was released which features a pristine remastered version of the mono mix.
"Can't Buy Me Love" has also been a feature on some of Paul's Live albums throughout the years, such as "Tripping The Live Fantastic (released November 5th, 1990), "Tripping The Live Fantastic: Highlights!" (released November 12th, 1990) and "Back In The US" (released November 11th, 2002).
"Around The Beatles" British television special
The song had a very extensive performance life, starting only three days after they finished recording it with a BBC radio broadcast (as detailed above under "Recording History"). Their first appearance on the hit British television show "Top Of The Pops" featured them performing the song as well, which was broadcast on March 25th and April 8th. They also appeared live on the British "Ready, Steady Go!" TV show on March 20th miming "Can't Buy Me Love." The British TV special "Around The Beatles" also featured the song, which they recorded a version of especially for lip-syncing to on April 19th, while the actual show was first broadcast on April 28th.
As far as actual concerts were concerned, The Beatles premiered the song at the "New Musical Express 1963-64 Annual Poll-Winners' All-Star Concert" on April 26th, which was shown on the British television show "Big Beat '64" on May 10th and November 8th, 1964. May 31st saw them back at the Prince Of Wales Theatre in London performing the song as well.
The Beatles entire world tour of 1964 included "Can't Buy Me Love" in their set list. This tour spanned from June 4th to November 10th and covered Denmark, Hong Kong, Australia, New Zealand, America, Canada, Sweden, Scotland and ended back in Britain. They continued playing the song during their British "Another Beatles Christmas Show" which ran from December 24th through January 16th, 1965 at the Odeon Cinema in London.
Because of the immense popularity of the song, and also, no doubt, because of it being quite easy to play and sing, they continued to perform the song through their European and American tour of 1965. Highlights include their beginning date in Paris on June 20th, their groundbreaking Shea Stadium performance on August 15th, their Hollywood Bowl performances on August 29th and 30th, and their final show of the tour at the Cow Palace in San Francisco on August 31st. This appears to be the last time the Beatles performed "Can't Buy Me Love."
Paul McCartney has also taken advantage of the popularity of "Can't Buy Me Love" by including the song in many of his solo tours. First off, it was included in his "World Tour," which spanned from September 26th, 1989 to July 29th, 1990. A semi-acoustic version of the song was in the set list of his "Unplugged" tour of 1991, which ran from May 8th to July 24th of that year. His "New World" tour featured the song as well, this running from February 18th to December 16th, 1993. His "Driving World" tour, which featured dates in Mexico and Japan, included the song as well, this tour spanning from April 1st to November 18th, 2002. The song was next featured during his "Back In The World" tour, which ran from March 25th to June 1st, 2003. He then included "Can't Buy Me Love" as an alternate during some of his 2015 dates during his "Out There" Tour, which ran from May 4th, 2013 to October 27th, 2015. He also brought it to the stage on his "One On One" tour which ran from April 13th, 2016 to September 16th, 2017, as well as on many of the dates of his "Freshen Up" tour that began on September 17th, 2018 and concluded on July 13th, 2019.
The Beatles filming at Thornbury Playing Fields, April 23, 1964
Director Richard Lester was well aware of the impact that "Can't Buy Me Love" would have in their first motion picture. "I wrote ("I'll Cry Instead") for 'A Hard Day's Night'", explained Lennon in 1980, "but Dick Lester didn't even want it. He resurrected 'Can't Buy Me Love' for that sequence instead." The 'liberation' sequence in the movie, which included The Beatles romping around on a helicopter pad and at Thornbury Playing Fields, could only be truly effective with their current international smash "Can't Buy Me Love" playing as a backdrop.
This song had all of the ingredients to make an immediate, as well as long-lasting, impact on their audience. It had a lyrical message that everyone could relate to. It had an insistent beat that made you tap your foot. It had a vocal melody line that put an immediate smile on your face. It contained the raw excitement throughout that exemplified the persona of the group as a whole. Being one of the most identifiable songs of The Beatles, it's one that endures to this day without sounding like it's from a by-gone era.
And as a follow-up to their groundbreaking worldwide smash "I Want To Hold Your Hand," The Beatles proved with "Can't Buy Me Love" that they were not just another 'flash-in-the-pan.' They were here to stay!
"Can't Buy Me Love"
Written by: John Lennon / Paul McCartney
Instrumentation (most likely):
- Paul McCartney - Lead Vocals, Bass Guitar (1963 Hofner 500/1)
- George Harrison - Lead Guitar (1963 Gretsch 6122 Country Gentleman)
- John Lennon - Rhythm Guitar (1962 Gibson J160E)
- Ringo Starr - Drums (1963 Ludwig Downbeat Black Oyster Pearl)
- Norman Smith - Hi-hat (Stereo Mix)
Written and compiled by Dave Rybaczewski
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